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quod pro nobis traditum est

Wednesday, May 01, 2013

May 1 & 2

The Feast of Sts. Philip and James, Apostles (May 1) in the Western Church goes back to the 6th century. All three hymnals of MS since the 1940s place this feast on May 1. The 1962 Missal commemorates the feast on May 11. This combined celebration is of Western commemoration, the Eastern Church commemorating the two apostles separately.

Jesus tells Philip, after He institutes the Last Supper, that he who sees Jesus sees the Father. He then speaks of the coming Ascension, "Because I go to the Father." (John 14)

The commemoration on May 2 is that of St. Athanasius, Bishop, Confessor, Doctor. Against Arius, Athanasius defended the divinity of Jesus in the 4th century. "We preach not ourselves, but Jesus Christ our Lord; and ourselves your servants through Jesus." (2 Cor. 4:5-14)

The medieval church took Paul's reference in Ephesians 2 about the church being "built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone" as a basis for equating the honor of apostles' days with that of Sundays.