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quod pro nobis traditum est

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

An early look at the dating of Easter

Until 1970, in the Western Church, the feast for St. Anicetus, Bishop of Rome, was given to today. Anicetus and Polycarp discussed the dating of the Pasch (Easter), with Anicetus holding the Roman position of the day of Jesus' resurrection, Sunday, and Polycarp, together with the Church of Smyrna, observing the crucifixion of Jesus on the fourteenth day of Nisan (Passover), no matter the day of the week. They parted on friendly terms with no consensus. The question of the dating of Easter was determined centuries later and today Christians celebrate the Resurrection on Sunday. Anicetus forbade Montanism and opposed Gnosticism and Marcionism. He died in 168, possibly a martyr. (Note: The early Christian chronicler, Hegesippus (d. 180), visited Rome during Anicetus' time as Bishop.)