St. Bernard, Abbot, Doctor of the Church (1090-1153)
Bernard was a Cistercian monk and abbot. He contested the philosopher Peter Abelard on the latter's teaching on the Trinity. Bernard did not reject philosophy that leads to God but saw theology as the highest type of knowledge. He was an influence on Martin Luther, especially in his discussion of the conflict between sin and the Spirit. The Passion hymn, "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded," is attributed to Bernard. He is commemorated today on the traditional calendar.
Justus cor suum tradet ad vigilándum dilúculo ad Dóminum, qui fecit illum . . .
The just will give his heart to resort early to the Lord that made him . . .
- from the Lesson, Ecclesiasticus 39